ILFORD HYPAM is a non-hardening rapid fixer supplied as a liquid concentrate that is diluted with water for use. It is easy and convenient to use, diluting generally 1+4 for film and 1+9 for paper. It is suitable for all black and white film and paper, manual and machine processing applications. It can also be used for fixing other specialist, X-ray, scientific products and graphic arts materials. Please note, although covered in the technical literature, Hypam Hardener has been discontinued.